Volume 2, Chapter 11: Tinnitus


In this chapter, the basic ideas about tinnitus will be introduced and various controversial topics in the field will be explored. The key message is “that when providing management to patients with tinnitus, the diagnosis and treatment should always be multidisciplinary in nature”.


Multimedia Links

 1.There are different types of tinnitus that individuals will experience. The types of sounds associated with tinnitus can be heard at the following site: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82Eo9ZfjXbI.

2. For more information on somatosensory tinnitus watch an excellent lecture of Susan Shore https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vxhjn-iKOAY

3. Various types of software have been developed to measure the audiometric properties of tinnitus. All of all of them are based on objective assessment. Very recently, self-assessment software has become available so that patients can evaluate their own tinnitus frequency (for an example, see the following site):  http://www.tinnitracks.com/en/matching#).

4. Several tinnitus-specific self-report psychometric instruments have been developed to date (you will find the majority of tinnitus questionnaires used in the English-speaking countries under this web address: https://www.ncrar.research.va.gov/Education/Documents/TinnitusDocuments/TinnitusQuestionnaires.asp).


Chapter Contributor


Agnieszka Szczepek MSc, PhD is a Polish-Canadian scientist living and working in Berlin, Germany. She graduated from the University of Warsaw, Poland from the Faculty of Biology in Medical Microbiology and Immunology and obtained her PhD in Medical Sciences from the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. She is presently a deputy director of the research laboratories at the Department of ORL, Head and Neck Surgery at the Charite University Hospital in Berlin, Germany. Since 2006, she is involved in clinical research on tinnitus, since 2014 she is a member of TINNET (paneuropean tinnitus research network). In 2017, Dr Szczepek edited and coauthored a book “Tinnitus and Stress - An Interdisciplinary Companion for Healthcare Professionals”. Dr. Szczepek can be reached at  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.